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The Fort Brooke Record

January 2001
Volume 7, Issue 1

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The "Fort Brooke Record" (FBR) is the monthly newsletter of the Capt. John T. Lesley Camp 1282, Inc, a Camp of the Florida Division, SCV and of the International Sons of Confederate Veterans.  The FBR is provided free of charge to members of the Camp.  Editorial comments in this publication are the expressed opinion of the editorial writer and not of the Camp.  Paid advertisements can in no way be considered an endorsement by this camp.  Locally, for inquiries and information on coming to events, the camp maintains a full-time access phone at (813) 661-7045.

Reverend Alan Farley

To Give January Program


“Under a canopy of Southern Longleaf Pines and with a very old looking white officer’s canvas tent as a backdrop the preacher’s voice penetrates clearly the frigid February cold of this north Florida Sunday morning.

In the camp, there is in the air the aura of an awakening throng. The oak and pine smoke from a hundred campfires among the many hundreds of tents drifts straight up to a windless sky. Now and then one discerns the distinct smell of bacon frying and the talk one hears are the lower tones as that of a house awakening. But there is a quiet excitement and a purpose here in the rousing of these gray clad men.

The preacher’s voice carries further now, a clearly discernable delivery rising in tone. Measured and sincere the words of the preacher plead and exhort those sitting upon planks and tree stumps to heed the sacrifices of our Lord. And far away from the attentive congregation, the voice of the preacher can be heard.”

The time of the above is today but it’s easy to forget that reality and to think that you were in a place 135 years ago. The preacher is the 49 year old Rev. Alan Farley, evangelist and missionary for Christ who does a very real and believable first person impression of a Chaplain in the service of the Confederate Army. He is also a past commander of the Appomattox Camp 1733 of the Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV) and is past Chaplain of the Virginia Division of the SCV.

Reverend Farley’s ministry, titled Reenactor’s Mission for Jesus Christ, is directed toward the vast number of men and women who re-enact that epic conflict in our country’s history, The War For Southern Independence. He and his wife Faith with their two children travel 35,000 miles a year to an average of 20-25 re-enactments each year.

Passing out over a million individual reprints of 80 different gospel tracts from the War period is part of this ministry. Add to that the two re-printed War era paperback books, the two published booklets, the quarterly newsletter “The Christian Banner” and the two minute radio spots called “His Truth Keeps Marching On” and you begin to get an idea of the commitment of this evangelist.

Alan has been a re-enactor for 20 years, has portrayed a chaplain for 15 years and upon feeling God’s direction for his life made his commitment to this full-time ministry in 1991.

Other than family, what motivates and drives this man are two factors. One is his love of the South and the second, and most important, is his love and personal commitment to his God. In his own words, Reverend Farley paints this import of his ministry:

“But most important, we have seen over 800 souls come to a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ. We have had several ministries birthed from this ministry. We have seen families put back together, men called to the pulpit ministry, evangelists and missionaries surrendered under our ministry

This will be the fifth year that Reverend Farley has given the January meeting. The first year he shared with us the essence of his ministry based upon the calling which he feels to proclaim the gospel.

Three years ago was totally different. What we were blessed with at that meeting was a revival of a different sort. It was a Southern Heritage Revival. It was fire and brimstone for heating the furnaces of our Southern patriotism. No one leaving the meeting that evening could have wondered about their rationale for feeling superbly proud of who we are as Southerners. The picture he verbally painted of the sacrifices of the Southern soldier marching to Appomattox would have made the soldiers at Valley Forge blush.

Two years ago was a blend of these two wonderful facets of Rev. Farley’s personality. At that meeting we met in the greater dining room of the facility and Reverend Farley was able to let loose with that unique and captivating “stump” style of 19th century speaking that so well defines him.

Last year, in honour of the dual birthdays of Lee/Jackson, we were given a clear verbal picture of the most revered American general that this continent has ever produced, Robert Edward Lee. If ever we as Americans and Southerners need a great role model, General Lee fills that need in a very special way. After hearing Rev. Farley talk on the Christian and Gentlemanly nature of Lee we all wanted to go home and to raise that picture of the general a bit higher on the wall.

This meeting, on the 23rd, Reverend Farley will speak on a subject which he knows very well. General Stonewall Jackson will come alive to us all. From the time of his up bringing in then western Virginia to the tragic end at Chancellorsville we will learn what made this man on a par with Lee.

For a wonderful evening of good food and good fellowship culminating in fine auditory, see you at the January meeting at Buddy Freddys on Tuesday, January 23.

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  Zephyrhills Senior Citizens Parade

On Saturday, February 3, at 10:00 AM in Zephyrhills, Florida the Lesley Camp parade contingent steps off in the Zephyrhills Kiwanis-Senior Citizens Parade. For many years we have been apart of this parade and it really has been a fun event. Even though Zephryhills is mostly now a transplanted snowbird community, the folks there love us. We will be there with the Colour Guard and several antique vehicles (Model T’s) of Commander Hayward.

If you have never experienced a parade where we participated with the Southern Dixie Flag proudly displayed this is your opportunity. Just pick up the phone and call Commander Hayward at (813) 685-4850. He has a space where you can ride in ne of the vehicles. The parade float will not be in this particular parade. See you there.

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Flags Across Florida

An Update

By 1st Lt. Cmdr. Marion Lambert

This is an update for the monument/flagpole to be dedicated April 7 at the White Springs exit (exit 84) located on I-75 six miles north of I-10. Remember that site will feature a 110 foot flagpole with a monument and all of the supporting landscaping.

By this time all full members of the Florida Division, SCV have received the solicitation flyer from Division for the site at White Springs. Also, all Legionnaires, all newsletter subscribers and many others have also received the flyer. If you have not the recipient of the flyer and wish to receive one do contact Marion Lambert @ (813) 839-5153 or email Marion @ [email protected]

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Southern Society Meets

On Friday, January 12, the Southern Society of Tampa Bay met for its first meeting of the new year. Represented at this meeting were the following organizations: Tampa Chapter 113, UDC; Mary Custis Lee Chapter 1451, UDC; Plant City Chapter 1931, UDC; and John T. Lesley Camp 1282, SCV; Confederate Cantinieres Chapter 2405, UDC; Stonewall Jackson Camp 1381, SCV; and Co K 7th Florida. Not represented at this meeting were the following: Florida Division, SCV and Co A Confederate States Marines, Pensacola. This was a very good showing of the local organizations. Individuals present were the following: Elaine McKendree, Ruth Byther, Lunelle Siegel, Bart Siegel, James B. Hayward, Rosa Nell Hayward, Martha Sue Skinner, Richard Skinner, Charles Pedrick, Gail Jessee, Tom Jessee, Greg Chappell, and Marion Lambert.

Of course, all of the organizations shared their calendars for the new year. The composite activities and dates projected for all these organizations can be seen at the Southern Society Webpage at:

The sharing of information through this calendar is invaluable. Anyone, within or outside of our respective organizations, can quickly find what is transpiring in the Tampa Bay area. The technology age is definitely here.

Currently, four of the member organizations have links from their sites to the central Southern Society Web page. Hopefully all will soon be linked.

The next Meeting of the Southern Society will be held at Buddy Freddys Restaurant in Brandon at 7 PM on Monday evening, March 12.

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Brooksville Raid Reenactment

The John T. Lesley Camp will be setting up a display at the Raid this year. The dates are January 20 and 21st. This is a wonderful opportunity for us to spread the “gospel” concerning Southern Heritage and for recruiting. The Raid is second only to Olustee in size within Florida. Many hundreds of Confederate and Union reenacters will be present. There are always a large number of sutlers at this event. If you need a uniform or a dress for the ball, this is the place to go.

Our camp trailer will transport the needed material to the site. This will be the first real test of that logistical helpmate. Before the box trailer we were cursed with having to transport everything in the back of open pick up trucks and open trailers. We dodged rain and were always concerned about security. The unholy mess that everything became when it was all over was a nightmare. Gear of every description piled on top of everything else. Those days are gone. Now we have the fine box trailer which Compatriot Mike Bethune artistically enhanced to organize and to transport our display material.

Our display will consist of the 24 foot by 12 foot overhead fly, display boards, tables, the raffle, the camp sign, banners, recruitment table, etc. We will pick up donations via the raffle and we always pick up new members.

If you would like to be a part of this effort all you have to do is to show up at the site where the sutlers are setup and look for the Lesley display tent. Come and help us recruit and spread the good word of the heritage of the South.

The Brooksville Raid will be on Saturday and Sunday, January 20-21. It is located at the Sand Hill Scout Reservation which is located about 3 miles east of Weeki Wachee on the south side of Hwy 50. Hwy 50 runs east and west and connects Weeki Wachee and Brooksville. This is all in Hernando County. From Tampa, it is best to either go up Road 41 or the interstate to the Brooksville exit. Hwy 19 up the coast can be a nightmare in traffic.

Entrance into the event costs $5.00 for adults over 17, $2.00 for those between 6 and 17 and free for those under 6.

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Archives Awareness Month

The city of Tampa supports and sponsors a program called Archives Awareness and that entity puts out a brochure which advertises and promotes activities occurring during April, Archives Awareness Month. For the past several years the John T. Lesley Camp has contributed information for that brochure. The following is this years’ submittal for the brochure.


6:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. "The 2001 Confederate Honour Guard Duty" Conducted on the actual Florida Confederate Memorial Day at the Confederate War Memorial on the Hillsborough County Courthouse grounds located at Pierce and Madison St. This is an all day event around a flower-bedecked monument. There will be continuous and rotating sentries walking their posts around the monument. The sentries are a select group who will be dressed in their finest gray uniforms. With brass polished and with full accouterments of a soldier of the period there will be a changing of the guard every 15 minutes. This event is sponsored by the John T. Lesley Camp 1282, Sons of Confederate Veterans. Call 1st Lt. Cmdr. Marion Lambert (813) 839-5153 for further information.

2:00 p.m. "2001 Confederate Memorial Service" for Hillsborough County. Following a time honored tradition, the Plant City Chapter 1931, United Daughters of the Confederacy and the John T. Lesley Camp 1282, Sons of Confederate Veterans are thrilled to present this service to the community to remember the service and sacrifice of the Southern citizen-soldier. This is a solemn service and the prestigious Lesley Camp Colour Guard will be present for the rifle salute. This is a special occasion in that 16 replacement Southern Iron Crosses will be dedicated. Distinguished guests and a keynote speaker. Reception on the grounds following the service. To be held at Oaklawn Cemetery in Plant City. Oaklawn Cemetery is located on Highway 39 (Wheeler St.) south of I-4 and north of Plant City. Take exit 13 (Hwy 39) on I-4. Call 1st Lt. Cmdr. Marion Lambert (813) 839-5153 or Mrs. Martha Sue Skinner (813) 752-7630 for further information.

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Lee—Jackson Grand Ball


Dinner Buffet

The evening will include:

1860’s Era Music and Dancing

Performed live by the 97th Regimental String Band

Authentic Southern Cuisine

Southern Belle

Debutante Presentation

Southern Belle Debutants, young ladies ages 16-21, will be presented

Advance Ticket Reservations are required

$30.00 per person      $55.00 a couple

Table reservation are also available for groups of 8

Contact Martha Sue Skinner by phone at (813) 752-7630 ore-mail at

Period Costume or Coat & Tie Attire


January 27th, 2001 6:30-11:00 p.m.


Ramada Inn Convention Center Ballroom ~ I-4 at SR 39, Exit 13, Plant City, FL

A special room rate of $45.00 per night is available for King or 2 Double Beds.




 of the old south

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You are invited to a Confederate Luncheon

By the Mary Custis Lee Chapter

United Daughters of the Confederacy

at the Clearwater Beach Hotel
500 N. Mandalay Dr
Clearwater Bach, FL

11:30, January 27th, 2001


Mrs. Jean Stuart

(727) 442-2000

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Camp Business


Presently the Email Directory for the camp has 75 names and email addresses. This is a great increase over several months ago

If you are one of the people who have in the past received any emails addressed to “Lesley Camp Members and Friends” then you are on this camp email directory. If you have not then we need to add you and your email address to the directory.

To be added to this important list please send your request to be added to:

1st Lt. Commander Marion Lambert  at

If you would like to be added to the directory but do not wish that your email address be made known to others please so indicate in your request.

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A Nomination

Our newsletter editor, Richard Warner, has been nominated to the position of 3rd Lt Cmdr. within the officer corp of the Lesley Camp. Rich has proven himself as a dedicated and committed asset to the camp and to the SCV. Along with his job of newsletter editor he is a Heritage Specialist for the Florida Division. He is presently working very hard on a government (public) school situation at Santa Fe High School in Alachua County.

The election will be held at the upcoming meeting on the 23rd of January.


   Chaplain's Corner

       As we approach the official new millennium we have the opportunity to make of it either a miserable place or we can determine to make the best of it. I believe that if we as Southerners stay true to God and family that we can accomplish what General Stephen D. Lee intended for us to do in his pledge that we read every meeting. I have found out that if I put my faith and trust in God that He has never failed me and He never will.

I have lived all over these United States and have had the opportunity to observe people and how they interact with each other. I will say that there are good people every where you go. For one thing, I've found out that if I am kind and respectful of people they most generally have reciprocated in kind. I guess that this could be considered a trait that was instilled in me by my parents. What I believe that most all of us Southerners know is that that is just the way we are. That is part of our heritage, that when people talk about Southern hospitality our way of life comes shining through. I was reading here recently from one of my history books, "The Civil War" by Robert Paul Jordan, put out by the National Geographic Society, where he stated that "when JEB Stuart fell, I think , the Old South was laid to rest in glory. In truth , he died an anachronism, as did the society he fought for. Little remained but courage....Down to the present one senses that courage, and respects it. One also finds, without difficulty, the Old South's ghostly ambiance drifting through the villages and backcountry, and one sometimes comes upon it lingering in the quiet and exclusive parlors of the bustling cities." May I say that I have found that ambiance here in our Tampa Bay area and you can be proud to say that you are a direct descendent of the Old South and their way of life still lives on in you. Yes I do believe that it's ok to be proud, but not in a boastful way but in a genteel way, for that is the way Robert E. Lee lived his life and we all are proud and glad that this great man was one of us.

So may I say to you of the John T. Lesley Camp, if you will but put your faith and trust in the Lord He will see you through all of the days ahead, whether they be rough and stormy or whether the road ahead is smooth going. So as Gen' S. D Lee said "Remember, it is your duty to see that the true history of the South is presented to future generations.", and I believe that instead of just telling them about the ways of the Old South, we actually live our lives like they did then our actions will speak a lot louder than any of our words could.

Now may God go with you and bless you. I am yours in His service,

Rev Calvin T. Martin

"The South is a land that has known sorrows; it is a land that has broken the ashen crust and moistened it with tears; a land scarred and riven by the plowshare of war and billowed with the graves of her dead; but a land of legend, a land of song, a land of hallowed and heroic memories.

"To that land every drop of my blood, every fiber of my being, every pulsation of my heart, is consecrated forever. I was born of her womb; I was nurtured at her breast; and when my last hour shall come, I pray GOD that I may be pillowed upon her bosom and rocked to sleep within her tender and encircling arms."      

Edward Carmack United States House of Representatives

Please Keep in Prayer...

Dale Miller (82 years old - Mark Miller's Father) - Prayers for physical strength - finished Chemotherapy

Kirby Halbert:  Radiation Therapy for cancer - guidance to his doctors

Prayer needs:

If you have a special prayer need and wish to have your request placed on the prayer list it is imperative that you contact one of the chaplains. Too many times we find that folks who are dear to us have been ill for some time or even that they have passed away, and without us knowing. So please do contact one of the chaplains as listed below. We are here for you.

 Chaplain Rev. Calvin Martin 651-0190

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Uniforms of The Confederacy
Materials and Manufacturing Techniques

By Michael Clark

Uniforms of the Confederacy

Section B Manufacturing Techniques

We who lived in the 20th and now 21st century sometimes look back on the 19th century as one of a crude existence, devoid of the niceties of modern convenience and totally lacking in all but the simplest devices and machinery with which to add to the comfort of humans. This could not be further from the truth. While certainly, there were any number of individuals and even some manufacturing firms who engaged in techniques which dated back to the pre industrial age, by the time of the War Between the States, power machinery had made it’s way into most of the shops which were responsible for the manufacture of most articles which were in common use at the time.

This is to say that any number of the uniforms and equipment issued to Confederate troops, were in some way made on power machinery. Since the thrust of this study is on uniforms I will not spend much time on the technical advancements of the day but I would like to make the point that most of the steel being used in weapons and war machinery of the time was being made with Bessemer converters which had only been in use for a scant few years and have changed little to this day.

The same can be noted about looms and sewing machines. It would not be incorrect to state that very few CS uniforms were made of cloth, which was woven on looms strung with yarns that were home spun. Even women who had small looms in their homes were still likely to have purchased the yarns from a dry goods store. This would have saved them from all of the time consuming tasks of harvesting the fibers, then dying them, then carding and spinning and so on. Take in to consideration the fact that wool was not in huge supplies in the south anyway and it is easy to figure that there were very few people making woolens on looms in the south by hand then tailoring uniforms.

Let’s talk about weaving for a short time. Most of the cloth used in uniforms, as we had discussed previously, was made of wool or at least used wool as a main component. The most common weave was a twill weave. That being a cloth woven to give it a diagonal ridged look across its surface. This cloth was woven using a base warp into which is woven a filling yarn. At any given cross section of the fabric one will find at least two if not three or four yarns woven, one atop the other. In fact, the word we use today, “Twill” comes from the 14th century English word “Twilic” which taken literally, means “Two threads”. Now this type of cloth was and remains very popular for making uniforms, work garments and other products, which will be used very hard. At the time of the War Between the States, twill was the strongest known weave and could be made any type fabric. Most of the fabrics listed in our last article are twills. More specifically, those which I had indicated were woven for the outer shells of the uniforms are twills. They include, kersey, satinette, broad cloth, melton, beaverteen, and jean cloth.

Of the six type twill woven cloths mentioned above, really only jean cloth could be woven with any efficiency at all on a hand loom. Of the rest, I would say that broadcloth, melton and beaverteen would be near to impossible to weave cloth of any suitable quality on a hand operated loom and kersey and satinette could probably be woven but with great difficulty and only minimal results. So, I am stating that for the most part, cloth used to make CS uniforms was made on machinery, which was steam powered. Further, as stated above, even hand loomed cloth would likely to have been made from yarns which were machine spun. I am not saying that there were no home spun cloth uniforms, there certainly were. I am saying that most were not. It would have been near to impossible for the CS central government to supply uniforms which were made on 36 inch looms by the women at home. Hand loomed cloth is very time consuming to make and not as consistent as that which would have been needed to supply good quality garments.

So without going in to great details, we have established that at least a goodly number of CS uniforms were made from high quality machine made cloth. Then what? Most of the cloth manufactured for use in the making of uniforms was supplied to the depots where the uniforms were issued. Also, a good measure was made available to tailors who made uniforms to order, particularly for officers. Some cloth was supplied to dry goods dealers who in turn sold it to individuals to make their own uniforms and to a lesser degree some was made available to contractors who made uniforms for sale to the depots. Contractor made uniforms were rare in the south but they did exist. One particular foreign contractor will be mentioned in a future section of this article.

The most common uniform found existing today would be the type which were tailor made for officers and other men of means who could afford them. These were not the most common uniforms of the time of the war. They just happen to be the ones that were preserved. I would venture to say that every officer had at least one if not two or three uniforms made for himself. More than likely got another from the depot, then he had it fitted out with insignia to reflect his rank, but was exactly the same as that being drawn by enlisted me. Just because most existing photos of officers show them wearing nicely tailored frock coats, does not mean this is what they wore in the heat of battle. There is plenty of evidence to bare this out. A great number of photos of Confederates in the field show most of them wearing jackets. Also a great number of battle scarred uniforms which were known to have been used in battle, are jackets and quite a few of these are enlisted jackets modified for use by officers.

Here is my point: if we could go back in time and look at 1000 uniforms being worn by the average CS trooper, it would consist of a jacket drawn from a clothing depot. There would be quite a few similarities from one depot to another even though the patterns and certainly the color and quality of the cloth would differ.

One of the more noticeable similarities of depot made uniforms is in the stitching. Nearly all depot made uniforms are entirely hand stitched. The most obvious hand stitches are found on the button holes. They are cut normally with a chisel or button hole scissors, the slot glued or basted to hold it, then purl stitched around to prevent fraying. Some uniforms are found with a heavy cord under the button hole stitches for added strength. Some are also found with a pronounced hole and the end of the slot where the button rests, giving it an appearance of a key hole. Collectors call these corded key holes and they are found on army uniforms from around the world to this day. As a collector myself, it is one of the first things I look for when looking to authenticate a uniform. Not all uniforms of the period have hand sewn buttons holes. Some have welts or facings sewn into the holes which give them the appearance of small pocket openings. These are difficult to produce and time consuming and not generally found on issue garments but could none the less be present.

Issue garments are likely to have been top stitched as well. After the coat is made, it will be pressed then the cuffs, collar and outer edges will be stitched all around for added strength. This stitching is also likely to be done by hand but have been noted with machine stitches as well. The most common type of hand stitch would be a “Half back” stitch. This is a type of stitch that is known for its great strength and resistance to pulling. It is performed by looping the thread backward a half a stitch length each time the needle is pulled through. When you look at the top of the garment, you see the thread evenly spaced, but when you look at the bottom, it is overlapping. Many old garments both civilian and military will exhibit this type of stitching. Less commonly a “running” or “quilting” stitch will be found. This type of stitch is less time consuming but certainly less quality than a back stitch. Many garments that I have seen will have two rows of running stitches instead of one row of back stitches.

The linings of issue garments will be hand stitched in place as well. Usually this is done with a whip stitch since this is the fastest way but could just as easily be done with any other method. A whip stitch is preformed by simply running a stitch through the lining material just at the folded edge then through a yarn of the garment facing, back through the lining and so on. It is only needed to hold the lining in place and usually does not experience any real stress or taxing when worn. These stitches will be most notable at the collar, the inner facings, the inside of the cuffs and in the arm radiuses.

With CS issue garments it is even well documented that the inner seems are even hand sewn. They again could just as easily be machine stitched but are generally found to be hand dome and with the back stitching as described above. The reason for this is two fold. Quite a number of issue garments were made to government specifications, with government issue cloth and thread, by women in their homes. This is to say that the quartermasters paid a fee to people who came to the depot to collect cloth, buttons, trim and other components, then took it home, constructed the garments then took them back for inspection and payment. This cottage industry was common in the north as well as the South during the war and was a means of supplementing the income of families who had men or even had lost men in the conflict. While there were certainly men and women employed in the making of uniforms at the depot facility itself, most uniforms were made in homes as described above. Most women who would have been employed for this service would not have had access to a sewing machine as they were beyond the means of common people in those days. Also the sewing machines in more common use at that time would have been a “Chain Stitch” machine which was not suitable for military uniforms. A chain stitch is exactly the type you might find at the top of a bag of rice or other food and once pulled, the entire stitch will unravel to expose the inside. Since most machines were only capable of making this type of stitch, quartermasters had a bad impression of all machine stitching. New machines of the time were capable of producing and “Lock stitch” by the use of a bobbin. This stitch is exactly the same as done by a modern sewing machine. Unfortunately these machines were rare and expensive and the average QM would not have been impressed with it anyway. It is known that a good number of machine stitched uniforms were produced but they were not the norm.

Garments made at home from cloth and patterns which came from dry good stores rather than depots would be similar in construction to the above. The main difference would be in the patterns. Most women made there own patterns based on civilian designs or adapted them from drawings in books and periodicals. The stitching of these home made garments was likely to be less quality than that of the ones worked through the depot as they would not have been inspected. Most women and young ladies of the period did have fairly advanced sewing skills and were capable of producing good quality garments. It must also be noted that in larger households with servants, there would have been several individuals who were charged with making garments for them men who were off fighting and would have done a proper job weather the garment was to be inspected or not.

Next month we will delve further in to manufacturing techniques as we discuss tailor made garments.

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When Robert E. Lee married Mary Anne Randolph Custis in 1831, they began to build 30 years of memories at her home, Arlington House. The tremendous Greek Revival mansion, 140 feet long and 40 feet wide, was built in 1802 by Mary's father, George Washington Parke Custis, the adopted son of the first U.S. President, George Washington. Atop a hill overlooking Washington, D.C., the Doric columns of Arlington House were so large that they could be seen from across the Potomac River. In 1858 and part of 1859 Lee took more than a year's leave from the U.S. Army and used some of his salary to make much-needed repairs to the homestead to make it a productive farm. At the outbreak of the “War of Federal Aggression” when Lee resigned from the U.S. Army, he no doubt knew he would be losing the family home because the house was so close to Washington. On Christmas Day, 1861, Lee wrote to one of his daughters: "Your old home, if not destroyed by our enemies, has been so desecrated that I cannot bear to think of it. I should have preferred it to have been wiped from the earth ... rather than have been degraded by the presence of those who revel in the ill they do for their own selfish purposes." Union soldiers and their government had stripped the home and used it as a headquarters with troops camped all over the grounds. Arlington was "sold" due to delinquent taxes to the U.S. Government on January 11, 1864, for a "bookkeeping" bid of $26,860. The government had passed a law requiting the owners of property to pay taxes in person, so when the Lees' cousin tried to pay the taxes, the money was refused. Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Miegs chose Arlington in 1864 as a new military cemetery. He held ' Lee responsible for the Union dead and wanted to bury them at Lee's doorstep. Arlington House was later restored and refurnished and became the Robert E. Lee Memorial. The grounds now encompass more than 500 acres, where soldiers from most of the wars fought by the United States are buried honorably. Fascinating Fact: George Washington Custis Lee, Lee's eldest son and the heir to Arlington, took the matter to court, where the U.S. Supreme Court ruled the government to be a trespasser. In 1883 Custis Lee received $150,000 for Arlington's title.

Rebmaster's note:  Click for link to the National Park's Website for info on visiting the 
Robert E. Lee Memorial in Arlington

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Ordinance of Secession.

We, the People of the State of Florida in Convention assembled, do solemnly ordain, publish and declare: That the State of Florida hereby withdraws herself from the Confederacy of States existing under the name of the United States of America, and from the existing Government of said States; and that all political connection between her and the Government of said States ought to be and the same is hereby totally annulled, and said union of States dissolved; and the State of Florida is hereby declared a Sovereign and Independent Nation; and that all ordinances heretofore adopted in so far as they create or recognize said Union are rescinded; and all laws or parts of laws in force in this State, in so far as they recognize or assent to said Union be and they are hereby repealed.

Done in open Convention, January 10th, A.D. 1861


Florida Secedes from the Union!
Dateline January 10, 1861

In early January 1861, a special convention of delegates from around the state met in Tallahassee to consider whether Florida should leave the Union. Governor Madison Starke Perry and Governor-elect John Milton were both strong supporters of secession. For days, the issues were debated inside and outside the convention. In a minority opinion, former territorial governor Richard Keith Call, acting as a private citizen, argued that secession would bring only ruin to the state.

On January 10, 1861, the delegates voted sixty-two to seven to withdraw Florida from the Union. The next day, in a public ceremony on the east steps of the capitol, they signed a formal Ordinance of Secession. News of the event generally led to local celebrations. Later, the delegates adopted a new state constitution. Florida was the third state to leave the Union, and within a month it joined with other southern states to form the Confederate States of America.

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Rebel Yell

Confederate soldier-poet Sidney Lanier described the Rebel Yell as "a single long cry as from the leader of a pack of hounds who has found the game ... a dry harsh quality that conveys an uncompromising hostility ... the irresistible outflow of some fierce soul immeasurably enraged, tinged with a jubilant tone, as if in anticipation of a speedy triumph and a satisfying revenge ... a howl, a hoarse baffle-cry, a cheer, and a congratulation, all in one." Union soldier-author Ambrose Bierce said, "It was the ugliest sound that any mortal ever heard." Anyone who ever heard it never forgot it~ but no one has heard it since 1865 so no one today truiv knows what the Yell sounds like. "A mingling of Indian whoop and wolf-howl" is one of the many ways veterans have described it. Phonetic attempts at pronunciation have given it various sounds, including a "yip-yip-yip" sound and a "woh-who-ey" sound. Northern soldiers remembered it as eerie and bloodcurdling, and as a shriek, a "wildcat screech," or a "banshee squall." "There is nothing like it on this side of the infernal region," remembered one. "The peculiar corkscrew sensation that it sends down your backbone under these circumstances can never be told." To Gen. Stonewall Jackson the Rebel Yell was "the sweetest music I ever heard," and to the soldiers in the Rebel armies it was much more than a battle cry. It was "a maniacal maelstrom of sound; that penetrating, rasping, shrieking, bloodcurdling noise that could be heard for miles on earth and whose volumes reached the heavens." Like the roar of a great beast, it foretold the fierce power of a Southern army on the attack. But the "awe-inspiring sound" could also unite the men in a strangely patriotic way, as the Yell began at one end d a Southern army and swept in great loud waves up and down the line. Remembered one participant, "Me effect was beyond expression. It seemed to fill every heart with new life, to inspire every nerve with might never known before." Fascinating Fact: The demonic, fiendish Rebel Yell, one Union soldier said, was "a yell the devil ought to copyright." An old Rebel veteran, when asked to duplicate it, said the true Yell could be sounded only at a dead run during the excitement of battle.

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From the Adjutant’s Desk:

Year 2001 Membership Dues remittance is doing well, the last 15% are still holding out. If you have not as yet mailed your check, please do.

The ongoing donation program for the powerful LeMat, .44-caliber percussion revolver is not moving as well as expected. For more tickets please contact 1st Lt. Cdr. Marion Lambert at (813) 839-5153.

Welcome to new members of the John T. Lesley Camp, Mr. Shane G. Conner, ancestor Pvt. Lewis F. Gay, 4th Reg. FLA Inf. Mr. John William Nelson, ancestor Pvt. Joseph P. Holden, 25th Regiment, NC. Mr. Gerald Law Leonard, ancestor Pvt. Rufus Learned Co "H" 10th MS INF.

The John T. Lesley Camp 1282 membership roster for January 2001 has risen to 191 SCV and 22 Legionaires. Many thanks to the members, who have recruited their friends and relatives, keep up the good work.

See you at Buddy Freddys on Tuesday, January 23rd.

If you have any questions concerning camp business or to process membership paperwork, please do not hesitate in contacting me.

Adjutant Dwight Tetrick
19126 Amelia Circle
Lutz, FL 33549
(813) 949-4746

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